Thomas G.Giglione

D.R V.I.P. (Detailed Recorded Voice Improved Pronunciation)










1. Expressing a Preference


I prefer ___A____to __B____because………………………..


If I have a choice, I will___A____ (a real possibility)


If I had a choice, I would___A___________ (not a real possibility, just wishing)


For me, ______A__________is much more (attractive / interesting / preferable) than  _____B___________________because………………….

For me, __________A______________is more/less important than_________B______ because……………

I do not think ________A_____________is as important/ is as interesting as _____B____________________________, because……………

Generally, I prefer ________A_________to________B________, because……………………..

I would much rather / have / eat / listen to / _______A____________________________than__________B________________because…………………..

 What I like/ dislike about_______________A_________________________________________is ……………..

I’m not really fond of/ don’t really like___A____because…………………………


Sample IELTS preference questions:


Do you prefer to be with your family or with friends on your birthday?

Do you  prefer to read more for pleasure or to get information?

Who do you prefer to go on holidays with?

Do you prefer to write letters or emails?

Do you prefer to listen to pop music or  traditional Vietnamese music?

Do you prefer to listen to recordings or to live concerts?

Do you prefer to buy a picture postcard or take a photo of a new place?

Do you prefer shopping in modern stores or in traditional markets?

Do you prefer traveling alone or with someone else?

Do you prefer having visitors or visiting other people’s homes?

Would you prefer to live in a larger or smaller city?

Do prefer the company of men or women?


2. Narrating


Step 1 Answer the question with a statement in one sentence

Step 2 Narrate a story for two to three sentences.

(Speak 2-3 Sentences or talk for approximately 30 seconds when answering one question.)


1. (Answer the question)____________________________.  2) ( Tell the story)I would like to tell you about the time



Sample IELTS Speaking  narrating questions:



What kind of drawing or painting did you do as a child?

When was the last time you gave or sent flowers to someone?

Did you have a lot of contact with your grandparents when you were a child?

How do you usually spend your holidays?

Have you kept anything from your childhood to remind you of it?

What subjects did you enjoy the most when you were in school?

What was your favourite subject in high school?

When was the last time you went to the sea?

When did you last go on a trip?

Tell me about the last time you visited the Vietnamese countryside?



3. Comparing and Contrasting



_________________A_____________is much better / worse than ___________B__________________________________________, because________________________________


__________________A____________is not nearly as good as ______________B__________________________________________,because________________________________


__________________A____________is not quite as important as____________B__________________________________________, because________________________________


_________________A_____________ is almost as tall/fast/ interesting/ difficult as ___________B____________________but not quite, because________________________________


When I compare these two A and B  ________, it’s clear that__________________________________________


Sample IELTS Part 1 speaking comparison and contrast questions:


Compare learning Vietnamese  as a second to learning English as second language. Which is easier?

Do you find it easier to remember faces or names?

Do you usually go out to eat or do you eat at home?

Do you pay more attention to local or international news?

Do you ever feel that time moves too quickly or too slowly?

How are weddings today different  from weddings in the past in your country?


(Sample; Part 3 IELTS Speaking  comparison questions)


What would be different about living in a foreign country compared to living in Vietnam.

Are children influenced more by advice from family members or from their friends?

Compare spending time with family and spending time with groups of friends on special occasions.

What are the main differences between a good teacher and a bad teacher?

Compare the teaching materials used now and with those used in your parents or grandparents time.

Compare the usefulness of educational qualifications and practical experience for getting a  job.

Compare the ways that young people and old people look at life.


Compare doing exercises in a group with doing exercises by yourself.

 Compare films children enjoy with the films adults enjoy. Do they enjoy the same types of films?

Compare men’s and women’s hobbies. Do they usually have different hobbies and interests?

What are the differences between comedy on the screen and comedy in books?

Compare the advantages of having a big wedding compared with having  a small wedding?

What are some of the good and bad things about going to a concert?

Compare working outdoors with working in an office.

What are the similarities and differences between a good photograph and good painting?

Are  television programs more popular than radio programs?

Compare the differences the way men and women choose to relax. Are they similar way?

Compare living in an old traditional building and a modern home.



4. Suggesting


Maybe, perhaps / possibly one reason might be_______________________________________________

I think people should consider________________________________________________________

One possibility that I can think of is.______________________________________________________________

Another idea to think about is…

It might be a good idea for people to __________________________,because_________________________________________________



Which places in your city or province would you suggest a tourist to visit?

How could public transport be improved?

What do you think people can learn from traveling?

What new features would you like to see on personal computers?

Why do some people want to become famous?

Which is the most important relationship in a person’s life?

How can we contribute to other people’s happiness?

Why is comedy often used in advertising?

Why do you think people say that ” life is short”?




5. Expressing Opinions (A) and Justifying Opinions (B)


It seems to me that__________________________________A___________________________

In my opinion/ view I feel that__________________________A___________________________

 I really/ strongly/categorically believe that_______________A____________________________

This is only my opinion but____________________________A___________________________

 Personally, I think that________________________________A___________________________

  I think people should_________________________________A___________________________

I agree to a point because__________________________________________A_______

I tend to agree____________________________________________________A______

I don’t really agree/ think that_______________________________________A________

I do not have a really strong opinion on this, but probably____A_____________________________

I’m really in favour of_____________________________________________________



+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++( plus justifying your opinion)+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



The reason I believe this is___________________B_____________________________________ 

The most important evidence supporting my belief is____B_________________________________

Another reason why I think________________B________________is that ____________________

I think there are several reasons/examples  for this that come to mind, firstly that ______________B_________________and secondly that,_____B_______


Do  you think money is necessary for happiness?

Is unhappiness always a bad thing?

Do you think it’s important to do the same thing at the same time every day?

Do you agree that advertising can be dangerous?

Do you think that students learn better when teachers are strict?

Are there any negative effects of of trying to keep the past alive?

Would you agree that the best toys are those that children make for themselves?

Should people be encouraged to travel by public transport?

What changes in peoples lives increase their happiness?

Do you think men and women find different things funny?

Do you think that people’s possessions reflect their personalities?




6. Speculating


 It’s very highly likely/ unlikely that________________________________________________________________________________

As far as I can see, its seems likely that________________________________________________________________________

I’m pretty certain/ sure that______________________________________________________________________________________

I predict/expect that___________________________________________________________________________________________

I guess that_______________________________________________________________________________________

I’m not sure what might happen, but one possibility is_______________________________________________________________

 It’s  very ( likely/highly) likely/ unlikely that __________________________________________________________________

It probably/definitely won’t______________________________________________________________________________________

It’s hard to predict the future, but I suppose it / we might_______________________________________________________________

It’s difficult to say, but maybe____________________________________________________________________________________

You can also use the following phrases:

I hope to … I’m hoping to … I’d like to … If possible I’d like to … I plan to … I’ve always dreamed of … I assume that … I’m assuming that … I expect that .



How do you think your life will different when you are married?

What do you see yourself doing in 5 years time?

What would you do with a birthday gift you didn’t like?

Do you think you will wear the same kind of clothes when you are older?

What problems do you think you have when you are studying abroad?

How do you think the country you will live in will be different to Vietnam?

If you had more free time, what would you do?

If you could go to any foreign country for a holiday, where would you go?

Will newspapers be more or less popular in the future?

Do you think eating out in restaurants will be become more popular in the future where you live?

Are there any sports that you would like to try?

What kind of house or apartment would you like to have in the future?

What do you hope to do when you finish your studies?

Do you think that art will be taught in the future?

Do you think that printed books will eventually be replaced by the Internet?

Do you think that family celebrations will be less common in the future?

What do you think will be the main functions of schools in the future?

Do you think that attitudes to marriage may change in the future?

Do you think the home of the future will be better than the home of today?



7. Analyzing, Summarizing and Concluding


There are several points to consider, first of which is.__________________A________________________,second of which is________B______________________( include conclusion)

 I think it is also important to consider_________________________________A_____________________________

We can break this question down into several parts. First____________________A____________________, Second________________B____________________( include conclusion)


Well I guess it depends, because there are many reasons why__________________________________________________________.( include conclusion)


I think there are several points to consider________A__________________________B________________________________________C___________________( include conclusion)


What are some of the benefits of eating home cooked foods?

Why are you planning to spend a period of time abroad?

What sorts of things make you happy?

What sorts of factors are important in selecting a hotel when you are on a holiday?

What can people learn from the past?

Why do you go to restaurants?

What is important for you when you choose a place to eat out?

Do you think that you watch too much TV?

What do you find difficult about writing in English?

How would you like other people to view you?


Sample: ILETS  Part 3 Speaking questions:

How have computers changed everyday life?

What are the characteristics of a good student?

What are some of the factors involved in choosing a college or university?

What changes in people’s lives increase their happiness?

 Give reasons for the increase use of the Internet


Summarizing and Concluding


 To sum up in a few words, I fee/ believe that_______________________________________________________________________

In the end,_________________________________________________________________________________

To conclude_______________________________________________________________

All in all, I feel that_________________________________________________________

When we consider all the factors_____________________________________________________________________________________


Considering all of these ideas, maybe the best thing would be to____________________________________________________________.

After a lot of thought, I have come to the conclusion that__________________________________________________________________



 Extra Tips for the I.E.L.T.S Speaking  Test Part 1 and 3




Q: It is sometimes argued that local cultures are being destroyed by tourism. Why do think people might feel this?
Q: What benefits do people get from travelling to other countries?
Q: Do you think people are becoming too materialistic?
Q: To what extent are people’s buying habits affected by advertising?


1. If you need time to collect your thoughts use expressions (sparingly) like: ‘That’s a good question.’, ‘Well, let me think …‘.

2. Don’t forget to avoid short, ‘yes’, ‘no’ answers. Try to offer examples to back up a statement.

3. Help make your contributions memorable. Try explaining a point using a short, personal anecdote.

4. If the examiner asks a question that you don’t understand, take control of the situation with questions such as those that appear below. Responding like this will show evidence of your communication skills.

A) If the examiner uses a word or phrase that you don’t understand, say something like:
“Sorry but could you explain what you mean by ……..” or
“I haven’t come across that word/expression before. Could you explain what you mean?”

B) If you simply didn’t hear something that was asked, respond with:
“Excuse me, I didn’t quite catch that. Could you say that again?”
“I’m sorry, but would you mind repeating that?”

C) If you want to make sure you’ve understood what the examiner has asked you could say:
“Do you mean ……..”
“When you say …….., do you mean/are you asking ……..?





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